Wall Street's New Favorite: Zero-Day Options Take Center Stage

<p>The hottest
trade on Wall Street this year, zero-day options, is gaining traction among
quantitative trading firms. Banks like Citi, JPMorgan, and UBS have started
incorporating these highly speculative, extremely short-dated options contracts
into new systematic trading strategies offered to clients. </p><p>Their
"quant" desks, which use models and algorithms to make markets and
place trades, are pitching everything from volatility hedging to
diversification plays using these controversial instruments known as
"0DTEs."</p><p>The Rise of Zero-Day
Options Among Quant Traders</p><p>0DTEs refer
to "zero-day to expiration" options contracts with zero days left
until expiration. They have exploded in popularity recently among traders
looking to make short-term directional bets on the markets.</p><p>The bank
bundles 0DTEs into various <a href="https://www.financemagnates.com/terms/v/volatility/">volatility</a> products that target premium selling,
downside protection, and relative value. With 0DTEs expiring within a day, the
risk of overnight gaps is minimized.</p><p>"It's
not difficult to convince people that the solutions are actually superior in
terms of <a href="https://www.financemagnates.com/terms/r/risk-management/">risk management</a>," Michele Cancelli, the Global Head of Quantitative
Investment Strategies Trading and Structuring at Citi, said to Bloomberg.</p><p>JPMorgan
employs the contracts in intraday momentum strategies alongside index futures.
And, UBS captures its elevated implied volatility through short-volatility
trades specifically designed around the front month.</p><blockquote><p lang="en" dir="ltr">"0DTE options can dampen volatility as well as exacerbate it." <a href="https://t.co/yleieff68U">pic.twitter.com/yleieff68U</a></p>— Tracy Alloway (@tracyalloway) <a href="https://twitter.com/tracyalloway/status/1737896884457332963?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">December 21, 2023</a></blockquote><p>The increasing popularity of this type of option was already reflected <a href="https://www.financemagnates.com/institutional-forex/cboe-global-markets-sees-a-sharp-surge-in-index-options-contracts-during-august/" target="_blank" rel="follow">in last year's results by the Cboe exchange</a>. 0DTEs on the SPX, which is the S&amp;P 500 stock index, reached record values in August 2022.</p><p>Moreover,
according to the Acuity Proprietary Trading Management Insight Report published
<a href="https://www.financemagnates.com/forex/fx-markets-brace-for-influx-of-proprietary-trading-firms-in-2024/" target="_blank" rel="follow">in November 2023</a>, half of the firms trading equity options contemplate 0DTEs
strategies on Eurex. It signals a potential uptick in the product's trade
volume come 2024.</p><p>Early Stage of Competition</p><p>The
proliferation suggests growing mainstream acceptance of 0DTEs, which exploded
in popularity for their low barriers to entry. At one point this year, they
captured over 50% of trading in S&amp;P 500 options.</p><p>Their
incorporation into systematic strategies also hints at an expanding range of
use cases. As flows spread out, risks of distorted markets may lessen. Still,
quants say close monitoring is critical with such fast-moving vehicles.</p><blockquote><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Interesting stats about 0DTE <a href="https://twitter.com/search?q=%24SPX&amp;src=ctag&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">$SPX</a> as we do vanna studies. For the past week there was 1.8M option trades for 0DTE SPX. There were 2296239 SPX trades in total which means 79.54% were 0DTE trades. same day trade size 6796384. Total trade size 12096771. So 56.18% of the volume</p>— The Wizard Of Ops (@WizOfOps) <a href="https://twitter.com/WizOfOps/status/1639409805679812614?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">March 24, 2023</a></blockquote><p>"You
may have to buy back the position if the market reverses," Xavier Folleas, the Head of Quantitative Investment Strategies at BNP Paribas, cautioned.</p><p>With no
signs of the 0DTE frenzy fading, the quant race to build products around them
appears just beginning. "We're still in an early stage of
competition," Cancelli concluded.</p>

This article was written by Damian Chmiel at www.financemagnates.com.

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