# Operating income vs net income – side-by-side comparison

<div><img width="1000" height="573" src="https://www.financebrokerage.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/shutterstock_1704104875.jpg" class="attachment-post-thumbnail size-post-thumbnail wp-post-image" alt="Operating income vs net income – side-by-side comparison" decoding="async" loading="lazy" /></div><h1><strong>Operating income vs net income – side-by-side comparison</strong></h1>

<p><strong><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Key Takeaways:</span></em></strong></p>

<ol>

<li><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income centres on core business operations, providing insights into operational efficiency.</span></em></li>

<li><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Net income encompasses operating and nonoperating sources, influencing stock prices more broadly.</span></em></li>

<li><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Expenses in operating income are primarily core costs like COGS, while net income adds interest and taxes.</span></em></li>

<li><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Understanding these distinctions is vital for comprehensively analyzing a company’s financial health.</span></em></li>

</ol>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Have you ever compared</span><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> “Operating income vs net income”? </span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Were you interested in knowing what each income in this situation represents? And ultimately, how should you do the side-by-side comparison as a true professional?</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">First, you should be aware that both operating and net income provide insights into a company’s earnings. However, they do so through distinct means involving revenue calculation and operating and non-operating expenses. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">These metrics have unique merits and entail specific deductions and credits during calculation. By carefully examining these figures, investors can discern the exact moment in a company’s financial journey when it began generating profit or incurring losses.</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">To completely understand this Operating income vs Net Income comparison, let’s explain each income better, shall we?</span></p>

<h2><strong>What does Operating Income represent?</strong></h2>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true"><img decoding="async" loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-full wp-image-249576" src="https://www.financebrokerage.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/shutterstock_2285247301.jpg" alt="What does Operating Income represent?" width="1000" height="660" /></span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income, often known as operating profit,</span><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> reflects a company’s earnings after subtracting its day-to-day operating expenses. </span></strong></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">It’s a crucial component of financial statement analysis, particularly in income statement evaluations, as it allows for a meaningful earnings comparison. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">This calculation involves deducting operating expenses from gross profit, the main difference between total revenue and the cost of goods sold (COGS).</span></p>

<h3><strong>What does it include?</strong></h3>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income, near net income on the income statement, comprises key components:</span></p>

<ol>

<li><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Sales or Revenue:</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> Income from selling goods or services, excluding non-operational sources like stock dividends or investment gains.</span></li>

<li><a href="https://www.financebrokerage.com/operating-costing/"><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">COGS</span></strong></a><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> is the cost of making goods, like materials and labour for manufacturing or the costs of merchandise for retailers.</span></li>

<li><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Selling, General, and Administrative (SG&A) Expenses: </span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Covers non-production business costs such as rent, staffing, accounting, payroll, and utilities.</span></li>

<li><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Depreciation and Amortization:</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> Non-cash expenses that allocate upfront asset costs over time; depreciation for tangible assets; amortization for intangibles.</span></li>

</ol>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">The formula of Operating Income</span></strong></h3>

<blockquote><p><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income = Sales or revenue – COGS – SG&A – Depreciation – Amortization</span></em></p></blockquote>

<h2><strong>What is Net Income exactly?</strong></h2>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Net income, also called the “bottom line” on the income statement, </span><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">shows how well a company does financially.</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> It represents a company’s profits or earnings generated from its business operations. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">This figure reflects the income that remains after meticulously calculating all expenses, debts, additional income sources, and operating costs incurred in providing a product or service over a specific period of time.</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">For business owners, net income is a crucial metric in financial analysis. It showcases the profit derived from delivering a good or service and considers various costs and expenditures associated with their business operations. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Calculating the net profit margin, the ratio of net income to total revenue provides a more precise picture of a company’s profitability and efficiency in managing its financial resources.</span></p>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Nonoperating income sources encompass:</span></strong></h3>

<ol>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Rent: Payment for third-party use of property or assets.</span></li>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Dividends: Payments from stock investments.</span></li>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Interest: Income from savings, loans, or bond investments.</span></li>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Capital gains: Profits from asset or investment sales.</span></li>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Royalties: Payments from intellectual property rights.</span></li>

</ol>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Non-operating expenses include:</span></strong></h3>

<ol>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Interest: Payments on debt obligations.</span></li>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Capital losses: Losses from asset or investment sales.</span></li>

<li><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Income tax is the last cost, calculated after adding or subtracting all other income and expenses from operating income.</span></li>

</ol>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Net income formula:</span></strong></h3>

<blockquote><p><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Net income = Operating income + Nonoperating income – Nonoperating expenses – Interest + Gains – Losses – Taxes</span></em></p></blockquote>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">How to calculate net income?</span></strong></h3>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">To calculate net income, subtract expenses, interest, and taxes from revenues. Earnings per share rely on NI for calculation. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Investors must carefully review the elements used to calculate NI, as accounting methods can hide costs or boost income.</span></p>

<h2><strong>Get to know the Operating Income vs Net Income Comparison.</strong></h2>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Let’s explore the contrast between Operating Income and Net Income using J.C. Penney’s 2017 income statement from their 10-K annual financial reporting:</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">In 2017, J.C. Penney reported total revenue (net sales) of $12.5 billion, a key component of their cash flow statement. Net sales reflect revenues after accounting for returned merchandise, a routine aspect for retailers.</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Their Operating Income for the year amounted to $116 million, encompassing all expenses associated with their day-to-day operating activities over the long term. These expenses include items like rent, utilities, and payroll.</span></p>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Examining Net Income Closely</span></strong></h3>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">After examining the financial report, it is clear that J.C. Penney had a net loss of $116 million during that time. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">This figure considers all revenues and expenses and serves as the bottom line on their income statement.</span></p>

<h3><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">The Significance of Comprehensive Financial Analysis</span></strong></h3>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true"><img decoding="async" loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-full wp-image-249578" src="https://www.financebrokerage.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/shutterstock_2288699633.jpg" alt="The Significance of Comprehensive Financial Analysis" width="1000" height="667" /></span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">This example highlights the importance of thoroughly examining a company’s financial statements to gain insights into its financial performance.</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">In the case of J.C. Penney, for 2017, they earned $116 million in operating income against substantial total revenue (net sales) of $12.5 billion. </span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">However, their operating income was significantly offset by interest expenses on their long-term debt, totalling $325 million.</span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">They ended the year with a $116 million net income loss, showing their operations’ true result.</span></p>

<h2><strong>Learn the differences between Operating Income and Net Income.</strong></h2>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Now, as the final Operating income vs net income side-by-side comparison, we’d like to point out the main differences between them:</span></p>

<p><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Distinguishing Operating and Net Income</span></strong></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">While both operating income and net income signal a company’s profitability, they differ significantly:</span></p>

<p><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Income Sources</span></strong></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income derives from core operations, reflecting the company’s day-to-day business activities. Net income includes operating and nonoperating income, such as one-time gains or unrelated sources like interest income.</span></p>

<p><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Expenses</span></strong></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income considers core expenses like COGS and SG&A, providing insights into ongoing operational efficiency. Net income adds further expenses like interest and taxes. EBIT is an intermediate step, representing operating income before interest and taxes.</span></p>

<p><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Investor Focus</span></strong></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Analysts emphasize operating income for operational insights, while the public observes net income more widely, influencing stock prices. However, net income may be affected by one-time items and nonoperating factors.</span></p>

<h2><strong>Bottom Line: Operating Income vs. Net Income</strong></h2>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true"><img decoding="async" loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-full wp-image-249579" src="https://www.financebrokerage.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/shutterstock_188334569.jpg" alt="Operating Income vs. Net Income" width="1000" height="667" /></span></p>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income and net income provide insights into a company’s financial performance but differ significantly:</span></p>

<ol>

<li><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Income Sources:</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> Operating income reflects core operations, while net income includes nonoperating sources like interest income and one-time gains.</span></li>

<li><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Expenses: </span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Operating income focuses on core expenses (e.g., COGS), while net income adds interest and taxes.</span></li>

<li><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Investor Focus: </span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Analysts examine operating income for operational efficiency, while net income broadly impacts stock prices.</span></li>

</ol>

<p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">In essence, operating income reveals core performance, while net income, though widely followed, can be influenced by nonoperating factors.</span></p>

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